The fact that an agreement limits competition does not mean that it is automatically prohibited, unless it is a hardcore cartel. An agreement that goes within the scope of the Chapter I or Article 101 prohibitions may be excluded from competition rules or not from competition rules. Agreements can be concluded in a formal and formal manner and their terms and conditions are expressly recorded by the parties concerned; or may be implicit and their limits are nevertheless understood and respected by conventions between the various members. An explicit agreement does not necessarily have to be an “open” agreement that can be openly respected by those who do not end. Indeed, most agreements that lead to anti-competitive practices are generally disguised agreements that competition authorities cannot easily detect. While the development of competition law in Europe stopped at the end of the 19th century, Canada adopted the first status of modern-day competition in 1889. The Combination Prevention and Suppression Act, which was created by limiting trade, was passed a year before the passage of the most famous Competition Law Act, the Sherman Act of 1890. It was named after Senator John Sherman, who argued that the legislation “does not herald a new legal principle, but applies old and recognized principles of the common law.”  Back In Motion Physiotherapy to remove alleged unfair contract terms for franchisees The ACCC has accepted a short-enforceable undertaking by Back In Motion Physiotherapy Pty Ltd to remove certain terms from its franchisees agreements which it may admit may be unfair. Under trade restrictions (…) Companies involved in anti-competitive behaviour may consider their agreements to be unenforceable and may face fines of up to 10% of the group`s global turnover and possible actions for damages. Horizontal agreements for the exchange of competitively sensitive information may, depending on the circumstances, be considered horizontal anti-competitive agreements and fall under Article 4 of the Competition Act. Whether an agreement is legally binding does not matter in the context of the assessment of competition law; The main and most frequent types of anti-competitive horizontal agreements are price fixing, supply manipulation, market allocation/distribution and refusal of transactions (group boycott).