What Were The Conditions Laid Down For The Tashkent Agreement

U. Thant made personal visits to Rawalpindi and New Delhi from 9 to 12 September to reach a ceasefire. After agreeing that its troops had entered Indian territory, the Pakistani government announced its intention to respect certain ceasefire conditions. This involved the total withdrawal of all Indian and Pakistani troops from Kashmir, the creation of a United Nations unitary force of Afro-Asian nations to maintain security in the state, to a referendum and a plebiscite expected within three months. Prime Minister Shastri said that “none of these conditions is acceptable to India.” He said that “Pakistan speaks lightly of a plebiscite in Kashmir, when it is not willing to have free elections in its own country… How does Pakistan want a plebiscite in the Pakhtoon region to see if it wants to remain part of Pakistan? How does Pakistan want a plebiscite in East Bengal to see if the people of East Bengal want to be excluded from Rawalpindi?¬†However, India was ready to accept an unconditional ceasefire that would restore the status quo-ante. The agreement between India and Pakistan, which ended the largest military conflict over territorial disputes since World War II, was signed on 10 January 1966 in Tashkent, the capital of the Uzbek SSR at the time. At the opening of the negotiations, the conflict between India and Pakistan seriously threatened the stability of the region. This conflict between two major regional powers threatened to degenerate into a much greater war with the participation of other states. India was threatened by China, which was then an ally of Pakistan. Beijing has accused Delhi of aggression. The Secretary-General maintained the attitude of the non-supervisors. Thant wrote to both sides proposing a ceasefire at 6:30 p.m.

.m September. India requested an extension of the 24-hour period and accepted the proposal. Shastri said, however, that the ceasefire would apply to uniformed soldiers and that India would be free to deal with infiltrating people still on its territory. Pakistan, in its response, continued to respond to their three-point harp As the Secretary-General could not accept any preconditions on either side, the ceasefire could not be reached Prime Minister Shastri told Parliament on September 16 that in discussions with U.